The Early Modern Commons

Early Modern Whale

Recent Posts

Swarms of flies, and a holy exterminator

17 May 2017

My images are of stained glass now in the church of St Mary the Virgin, Shrewsbury. The panels, purchased by the Reverend William Gorsuch Rowland in the second quarter of the 19th century,...

Pasque flowers, April 19th

29 April 2017

I never really thought I'd ever see such a rarity. Last year I heard reports of a couple of flowers at the Hartslock Nature Reserve. My wife and I went along on the 17th, and though...

The orphanage full of witches: Lille, 1652-166

18 April 2017

I return to George Garden’s An apology for M. Antonia Bourignon in four parts, published in London in 1699. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antoinette_Bourignon The...

OED 'coven', noun

12 April 2017

"An assembly, meeting, or company. Obs.?a1513   W. Dunbar Poems (1998) 196   Lat anis the cop ga round about, And wyn the covanis banesoun. spec. A gathering of witches; a...